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A Hummingbird Garden


~ Planning for Your Garden ~

Did You Know these facts about Hummingbirds?

  •  Seventeen species of Hummingbirds breed in North America.

  •  They fly forward, backward, shift sideways, and stop in mid-air.

  •  An average hummingbird consumes half its weight in nectar each day and is the world's smallest bird.

  • Hummingbirds can reach speeds up to 60 miles an hour. Their wings beat 78 times per 
    second during regular flight and up to 2000 times during a dive.

  •  They lap nectar with their tongues.

  • Hummingbirds, like most birds, have virtually no sense of smell. The flowers that attract 
    them tend to have little or no fragrance so the hummingbirds direct themselves 
    toward highly visible and nectar producing plants and flowers.

  •  One good way to enjoy the company of hummingbirds is to plant a hummingbird garden. In addition to providing them a natural diet, a hummingbirds garden is 
    an excellent way to attract birds to your nearby feeder; since hummingbirds 
    feed by sight on regularly followed routes, called trap lines, their inquisitive 
    nature will quickly lead them to investigate any possible new source of food

  • In addition to food sources, convenient perching opportunities will make your yard 
    more hospitable to hummingbirds.

  • They spend about 80% of their time sitting on twigs, leaf stems and clotheslines, etc.

  • Trees and shrubs helpful for attracting hummingbirds are Azalea, Flowering Quince, 
    Lantana, Manzanita, Mimosa and Red Buckeye. Vines they are attracted to include 
    Coral and Japanese Honeysuckle, Morning Glory, Cypress Vine and Trumpet 
    Creeper. The perennial flowers they like are Bee Balm, Canna, Cardinal Flower, Four-O-Clocks, Hosta, Little Cigar, Lupine, Penstemon and Yucca.

  • If you plan carefully and select a variety of plants that flower later, you will be 
    rewarded with happy hummingbirds throughout the season.

  • Do not use pesticides around hummingbird plants. As well as being harmful to the hummingbirds, killing garden pests will also eliminate the small insects 
    hummingbirds rely upon for protein.

Flowers, Shrubs, Vines and Trees That Will Attract Hummingbirds

The following is a list of flowers, shrubs, vines, and trees that hummingbirds are attracted to.

Note: none of these need to be red in color, although the color red is attractive to hummingbirds.



Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis
Lantana  Lantana camara
Columbine Aguilegia spp.
Fuchsias  Fuchsia spp.
Impatiens  Impatiens spp.
Coral-Bells Heuchera sanguinea
Hollyhocks Althea spp.
Penstemen Penstemen spp.
Petunia Petunia spp.
Flowering Tobacco Nicotania alata
Geranium Pelargonium spp.
Begonia Begonia spp



Azaleas Rhododendron spp.
Butterfly Bush Buddleia davidii
Flowering Quince Chaenomeles japonica
Honeysuckle Lonicera spp.
Weigela Weigela spp.



Flowering Crab Malus spp.
Tulip Poplar Liriodendron Tulipifera
Locust Robinia
Eucalyptus Eucalyptus spp.



Honeysuckle Lonicera heckrottii
Morning Glory Ipomea ssp.
Trumpet Creeper Campsis radicans
Trumpet Honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens

Most of the above information can be found in:
The Hummingbird Book by Donald and Lillian Stokes

Published by Little, Brown and Company. (ISBN 0-316-81715-5)